The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated on the day when the Sun enters Capricorn, except Sagittarius, in Pausha month of the Hindi calendar. This festival is known by different names in different states across the country, such as Uttarayani in Uttarakhand, Sankranti in Karnataka, Pongal in Tamil Nadu-Kerala, Maghi in Punjab-Haryana, Uttarayan in Gujarat-Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh- In Bihar, it is known as Khichdi. On the other hand, in Punjab, this festival is celebrated as Lohri a day before Sakranti.
Pundits and experts say that according to the Puranas, bathing and donating in a pilgrimage or Ganga on this day leads to the attainment of virtue and salvation. Apart from this, fathers should be meditated on Sankranti festival and must perform tarpan for them. Khichdi is offered on this day, as well as khichdi is also donated in many places for the soul’s peace of ancestors. Prasad of sesame and jaggery is also distributed on Makar Sankranti. There is also a tradition of flying kites in many places. It is believed that fasting and worshiping on this day also have special significance.
Actually, Makar Sankranti is a major festival in Sanatan Hinduism. In various parts of India, this festival is celebrated according to local beliefs. Makar Sankranti is generally celebrated every year on 14 January. This time also i.e. 2021, Makar Sankranti is to be celebrated on 14 January. On this day, the sun turns Uttarayan, while the northern hemisphere turns towards the sun. According to astrological beliefs, on this day the Sun enters Capricorn.
Most Hindu festivals are calculated by almanacs based on the moon, but Makar Sankranti is celebrated by counting almanacs based on the Sun. It is during the Makar Sankranti that the season changes. Autumn begins to fade and spring begins. As a result, the days become longer and the nights become shorter.
Makar Sankranti Shubh Muhurat: Makar Sankranti 2021 Muhurat …
Punya Kaal Muhurta: 08: 03: 07 to 12:30:00
Duration: 4 hours 26 minutes
Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta: 08: 03: 07 to 08:27:07
Duration: 0 hours 24 minutes
Solstice moment: 08: 03: 07
Makar Sankranti has great importance from both religious and cultural point of view in India. According to mythological beliefs, on the day of Makar Sankranti, Sun God goes to the house of his son Shani. Since Saturn is the lord of Capricorn and Aquarius. Therefore, this festival is also associated with the unique union of father and son.
According to another legend, Makar Sankranti is also celebrated as the victory of Lord Vishnu over the Asuras. It is said that on the day of Makar Sankranti, Lord Vishnu killed the demons on the earth and cut off their heads and buried them on the Mandara mountain. Since then, this victory of Lord Vishnu began to be celebrated as Makar Sankranti festival.
Let’s know the reason for Makar Sankranti, fast and method of worship of Makar Sankranti as well as the mythology and significance of Makar Sankranti…
Is this Makar Sankranti? what is Makar Sankranti
Sankranti is the entry of Sun God from one zodiac to another. Sankranti is the place to go from one place to another or to meet each other. The time between one solstice to another is called the solar month, although there are a total of 12 Surya Sankranti, but of these Aries, Cancer, Libra and Makar Sankranti are of major importance.
This is why Makar Sankranti is celebrated?
According to the scriptures, on the day of Makar Sankranti, Lord Sun goes to meet his son Shani at his house, that is, when Sun God enters Saturn’s zodiac sign from Jupiter’s sign Sagittarius, then the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated, so this festival is called Makar Known as Sankranti. The importance of the Sun moving from Sagittarius to Capricorn increases because the Sun becomes Uttarayan from Dakshinayan and Uttarayan is considered the day of the gods.
According to Hindu beliefs, the period from 14 December to 14 January is called Khar month. No good work is done in Kharmas. On 14th January, Makar Sankranti begins the good days on earth. On this day, Magh Mela is held at the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswati in Allahabad. It is of great importance to bathe here. The first bath of Magh Mela starts from Makar Sankranti and continues till the last bath of Shivaratri.
Makar Sankranti fast and method of worship: Puja vidhi of Makar Sankranti
Lord Surya is worshiped on the day of Makar Sankranti and water is offered to them. In many places people also keep a fast for the Sun God and donate it according to their reverence. Do pooja on this day like this …
Wake up before sunrise in the morning on Makar Sankranti and bathe with sesame in bath water. After this, wear red clothes and take water in your right hand, vow to fast for the whole day without eating salt.
Offer pure water in a copper pot to the sun god in the morning. Add red flowers, red sandalwood, sesame seeds and a little jaggery to this water. Offering water to the sun, pour water into a copper vessel. Put the water collected in the copper vessel in the Madar plant. Say these mantras while offering water – Om Ghuni Surya Adityaaya Namah:
After this, praise the sun god with the following mantras and salute the sun god –
Om Surya Namah.
Oh Adityaaya Namah.
Camel Sectarchis moist:.
Om Savitre Nam:.
Om Martanday Nam.
Om Vishnave Namah.
Om Bhaskarai Nam:.
O humchichye nam:.
On this day, reciting Srinarayan Kavach, Aditya Hridaya Stotra and Vishnu Sahasranama is considered very good.
After worshiping Lord Surya, donate some wealth of sesame, urad dal, rice, jaggery, vegetables, if possible, to a Brahmin. On this day, God should offer sesame seeds and khichdi and offer food to the Brahmin.
According to Srimad Bhagwat and Devi Purana, Shani Maharaj had a hatred for his father because he saw Surya Dev interfering with Chhaya, the mother of Shani Dev, and Yamaraja, the son of Surya, the second wife of Suryadev. Had separated the son Shani from himself. Due to this, Saturn and Chhaya cursed the Sun God of leprosy.
Yamraj was saddened to see his father Suryadev suffering from leprosy. Yamraj did penance to get Suryadev free from leprosy, but Surya got angry and burnt the Kumbh, which is called the sign of Shani, in the house of Shani Maharaj. Due to this Shani and his mother Chhaya had to suffer lumber. On seeing his step mother and brother Shani in distress, Yamraj explained a lot to his father Surya for his welfare. Then the sun god arrived in the house of Saturn in Kumbh.
Everything was burnt in Aquarius. At that time Shani Dev had nothing but sesame, so he worshiped Sun God with black sesame. Pleased with the worship of Shani, the sun god blessed Shani that the second house of Saturn will be filled with money grain on my arrival in Capricorn. It was due to the mole that Shani regained her glory, so Shani is loved by the mole. From this time, on Makar Sankranti, the rule of worship of Sun and Saturn started with Til.
Makar Sankranti History: History of Makar Sankranti –
According to mythology, on the day of Makar Sankranti, Ganga ji followed Bhagiratha to Kapila Muni’s ashram and went to the ocean, that’s why Ganga bathing has special significance on this day. Makar Sankranti is also considered as an indicator of change in weather. From this day, some heat starts coming in the atmosphere and then after the spring comes the summer season. According to some other stories, on the day of Makar Sankranti, the gods descend on the earth and bathe in the Ganges. Due to this also, bathing of Ganga is considered to be of special importance today. In the Mahabharata period, Bhishma Pitamah had chosen the day of Makar Sankranti to give up his body.
Makar Sankranti Importance: Importance of Makar Sankranti
Sun is Uttarayan from Makar Sankranti. Uttarayana is the day of the deities, if the beliefs are believed then there is a possibility of attaining salvation by death in Uttarayana. It is known that the period from 14 December to 14 January is Khar month and Mangalik work is forbidden in Kharmas, but with Makar Sankranti, auspicious works like Marriage, Mundan, Janeu and Naming begin. Along with religious significance, people also see this festival connected with nature, where the worship of Lord Sun, who gives light and energy, is won.
There is also a law to worship Lord Vishnu on the auspicious occasion of Makar Sankranti. It has been said in the scriptures and Puranas that in the month of Magha, the person who worships Lord Vishnu from the regular mole, gets rid of sins and attains salvation. If you are not able to worship Narayana with a mole for a whole month, then on the day of Makar Sankranti, Narayan should be worshiped with a mole, by doing this, you get freedom from unintentional sins.
It is also believed that bathing the Ganges on the day of Makar Sankranti eliminates all suffering, the donation given on this day is going to give special fruits. It is believed that donations made on this occasion are recaptured by 100 times. On this day, donation of pure ghee and blanket provides salvation …
Pilgrimage and fair
Fairs are held in many cities of the country on the occasion of Makar Sankranti. Large fairs are organized especially in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and South India. On this occasion, lakhs of pilgrims bathe and donate and do religion on the banks of the Ganges and other sacred rivers. According to mythological beliefs, Lord Krishna himself has said that, a person who renounces the body on Makar Sankranti, attains salvation and is free from the cycle of life and death.