When Sun enters Capricorn, where Makar Sankranti festival is celebrated all over North India, Pongal festival is celebrated in South India, according to Solar Panchang, this festival is on the first date of Tamil month i.e. 14 or 15 January. Comes. This time this festival will be celebrated on 14 January 2021 (Thursday).
Thai Pongal Sankranti Muhurta …
Solstice moment: 08: 03: 07
Pongal is an important Hindu festival celebrated in the states of South India. In North India, when the Sun God is Uttarayan, Makar Sankranti festival is celebrated, in the same way in Tamil Nadu, the festival of Pongal is celebrated with pomp. The new year begins in Tamil Nadu from Pongal festival itself. The history of Pongal festival is about a thousand years old. Apart from Tamil Nadu, Tamil speaking people living in many countries of the world including Sri Lanka, Canada and America celebrate this festival with enthusiasm.
This festival is completely dedicated to nature. Pongal is directly related to farming and garden and Ritu is related to Lord Surya Narayana, hence Sun God is worshiped on this day with special rituals. In South India, the day of the sun’s Uttarayan i.e. Pongal is considered to be the beginning of the new year, it is believed that on this day Tamil people renounce bad habits, this tradition is called Pohi.
Why is Pongal celebrated? (Pongal Kyon Manaate Hein)
Like most of the festivals celebrated in the country, Pongal is a festival associated with agriculture and farming. After harvesting the paddy crop in South India, people celebrate the festival of Pongal with great joy and gaiety to express their happiness and they pray to God for the upcoming harvest to be good.
On this day, they worship rain, sun, sun, Indradev and agricultural cattle to bring prosperity. People celebrate the festival of Pongal to express their gratitude through the sun-water which is obtained from the ground, on this day Suryadev receives special enjoyment called Pongal.
What is the meaning of Pongal? (Pongal Festival Meaning in Hindi)
Pongal in Tamil means boom or viplav, a major festival of Tamil Hindus dedicated to prosperity. To bring prosperity in this festival, rain, sunshine and agricultural cattle are worshiped. The offerings made to Sun God on this day are called Pagal, due to which the name of this festival is called Pongal.
On the first Amavasya of Pongal, people vow to renounce bad practices and consume good things, this work is called ‘Pohi’, which means ‘to go,’ the next day of Pohi i.e. Pratipada is celebrated as Diwali. It is machined.
Indulgence / Pongal dish served to Lord Suryadev in Pongal
Kheer is specially prepared on this day. On the Pongal festival day, according to centuries-old tradition and customs, the people of Tamil Nadu state tie a vessel full of milk, reed, turmeric and ginger leaves with thread and heat it in a fiery fire and put rice in it. They make it, which is called Pongal, and then it is offered to Suryadev. Apart from this, sweet and spicy Pongal dishes are prepared on this day.
Pongal Kaise Manaate Hein in Tamil Nadu
In Pongal festival, the people of South India express their happiness after harvesting the harvest and pray for the good of the upcoming crop. On this day people worship the sun, sun, Lord Indra and animals and show their gratitude. Pongal festival is celebrated for four days in Tamil Nadu. Different days are known by different names. The first day of this festival is called Bhogi Pongal, the second day is Surya Pongal, the third day is called Mattu Pongal and the fourth day is Kanya Pongal, worshiped according to the days.
: On the first day, houses are cleaned in Bhogi Pongal and ‘Bhogi’ is burnt from the old items of cleaning and Indra Dev is worshiped on this day.
: On the second day, Surya Pongal, the Sun God is worshiped. People make sweet dish Chakrai Pongal in their homes and offer it to the Sun God.
: Mattu i.e. Nandi or bull is worshiped on the third day. People show their gratitude to livestock for their livelihood, decorate cows, women feed their birds with colored rice and wish for the well-being and welfare of their brother.
: On the fourth day Kanya is worshiped, this is done with great pomp in the Kali temple. Apart from this, the house is decorated with flowers on this day, on this occasion women make rangoli in the courtyard of the house, it is the last day of this festival, so people go to their house to meet their relatives and friends and each other. Greetings to this festival, and also organizes mass feasts, land donations, bullock races (jallikattu), etc.
Pongal Ki Katha
According to mythological beliefs, the legend of Pongal is related to Kannagi and Kovalan, the husband and wife of Madurai, once in a state Kovalan goes to the goldsmith to sell the anklet at the behest of Kannagi. The goldsmith tells Raja that Payal who has come to sell Kovalan is very similar to Rani’s stolen Payal. Hearing this about the goldsmith, the king punishes Kovalan as a criminal without any investigation. Enraged by this decision of the king, Kannagi does a heavy penance of Shiva and asks him for a boon to destroy the king as well as his entire kingdom. When the people of the state came to know about this, the women there together worshiped Kali Mata on the banks of the river Killilyar to protect their king’s life and the kingdom and prayed for them to pity him. Mata Kali, happy with the fast of women, awakened a sense of compassion in Kannagi and protected the king and the state. Since then, this festival is celebrated with great pomp in the Kali temple, thus ending the four-day Pongal.
According to another statement: Once Shiva asked his bull from heaven to give a message to humans, God said go go to the earth and tell them that they should bathe with oil everyday and once a month Food should be eaten. But the bull gave the opposite message on earth. He said that all of you should bathe with oil one day and eat daily. Shiva ji was very annoyed with this mistake of the bull and cursed the bull that you have to stay in the earth and help the farmers with farming, and by saying this, the bull was removed from Kailash and since then the use of the bullock is more in farming. Their help is taken to produce food.
According to another legend, when Lord Krishna was younger, he thought to teach a lesson to Lord Indra because he had become the king of the gods. Therefore, the God of Indra began to be very proud of himself. Lord Shri Krishna told the people of his village not to worship Lord Indra, because of this Lord Indra was very angry that he sent Badalo to bring a storm and rain for three consecutive days, the entire Dwarka was destroyed by this storm. At that time, Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan mountain in his little finger to protect everyone. At that time Indra realized his mistake and then he understood the might of Lord Shri Krishna. Lord Krishna asked Vishvakarma to resettle Dwarka and the cowherds again started farming with their cows.
History of Pongal (Pongal History in Hindi)
The festival is believed to have originated from the Sangam era, but some historians believe that the festival is at least 2,000 years old, which was celebrated as the ‘Thai Nirdal’.
According to Tamil beliefs, Mattu Shankar is the bull of God whom due to a mistake Lord Shankar asked to live on earth to produce food for humans and since then living on earth has been helping human beings in agricultural work, to this day farmer Bathe the bulls, apply oil in their singas and decorate the bulls in other ways, they are worshiped after decorating the bulls, along with the bulls, the cow and calves are also worshiped on this day, anywhere people It is also known as Keanu Pongal in which sisters worship their brothers for happiness and brothers give gifts to their sisters, Makar Sankranti festival of North India is celebrated as ‘Pongal’ in South India, This festival is a mixed form of Govardhan Puja, Diwali and Makar Sankranti, Pongal is especially a festival of farmers.
Importance of Pongal (Pongal Ka Mahtva)
Pongal is known as Uttarayana Punyakalam which holds special significance in Hindu mythology. The origin of this festival is agriculture, hence Pongal holds special significance for the farmers. By January, the main crop of Tamil Nadu is ready by cooking sugarcane and paddy. The farmer is very happy to see his swaying fields and swings with joy. He expresses his gratitude to the Lord for his cultivation, also worships the bull, because he was the one who plowed the fields by plowing.
On this day, cows and oxen are garlanded with garlands of flowers in the middle of their horns, paints are also painted on their foreheads, and they are honored by feeding them sugarcane and rice. A fair is also organized at some places, in which bulls races and various sports-events are organized.
This festival is mainly celebrated in Tamil Nadu but the spiritual and religious significance of this festival is very important for the human community. On this festival, boiling or boiling in cow’s milk is given importance. It is believed that just as boiling of milk is auspicious, in the same way every human mind should be bright with pure sanskars.